Mumbai : Shiv Jayanti is celebrated on 19th February in Maharashtra to commemorate the birth anniversary of the great Maratha warrior Shivaji Maharaj. Today the state celebrates 389th birth annivesary of the leader.
Shivaji Maharaj was born in the year 1627, in Shivnery near the city of Junnar in Pune district. The name ‘Shivaji’ was kept by his parents Shahaji Bhonsle and Jijabai Bhonsle in the remembrance of goddess Shivay.
Shivaji was founder of Maratha Empire and his military and civil administration was of greatest important in Konkan region. He was a king not only in Maharashtra but also in India.
Shivaji’s father Shahaji Bhonsle was the chief of Bijapur Kingdom and his mother Jijabai was deeply religious, which had a great impact on Shivaji. He was introduced to Hindu epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata. He also had good knowledge of Sanskrit and Hindu scriptures. At the age of 17, he attacked and captured on Torna fort of Bijapur. At 1647- 1654 he took control on Raigad Fort and the Konkan region.
Under Shivaji leadership, the Marathas pushed back Mughals and the Kingdom from his home land. He fought a fierce battle against Afzal Khan to successfully capture and rule Bijapur. His famous battle was in the year 1659 – at Pratapgarh which turned him as the hero of Marathas.
In 1674, Shivaji Maharaj was crowned as a ‘Chhatrapati’ at Raigad Fort and he came to be known as “Chhatrapati Shivaji”. He was a motivated, enthusiastic and always energetic. He died in the year 1680 after laying down the foundation for Hindu empire.
On the occasion of Shiv Jayanti, various programme are organised on a large scale in Maharashtra. People dress up like Shivaji Maharaj and their Sainik on this day.
Landmarks of the Maratha warrior in Mumbai
- Shivaji Park is a public park situated in Dadar, Mumbai. In 2015, MNS corporator Sandeep Despande launched Selfie Point at Shivaji Park.
- The Mumbai International Airport has relocated the large Chhatrapati Shivaji statue towards the approach road to the airport on the Western Express Highway.
- Soon Mumbai will also be home to a mid-sea sea Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj memorial. The Maharashtra government has plans to build a 190-metre high statue of Shivaji in the Arabian Sea. The estimated cost of this project is around Rs 2,000 crore.